Influence of demographic factor on housing projects




demographic factors, age stage, homeowner, household income level, housing choice


Demographic processes and phenomena occurring in Ukraine can only be guessed at, as the last census in Ukraine was conducted in 2001. According to the State Statistics Service, as of September 1, 2021, the population of Ukraine was 41,342.5 thousand people. According to UN forecasts, by 2050 the population of Ukraine may decrease to 35 million people. The solution of key socio-economic problems of the state depends on the demographic situation in Ukraine. This includes the development of vast territories, and greater involvement in the economic circulation of natural resources and preserving the territorial integrity and security of the country. Demographic management at the regional level is becoming increasingly important today. One of the tools to improve demographic factors is housing construction, namely the formation of a market for quality and affordable housing. But we must not forget about the feedback, the impact of socio-demographic factors on the choice of living conditions. Changing the age limit for people of retirement age is of great social and political importance. In parallel with changes in population, the country is urbanizing - an increase in the share of urban population, which affects its consumer demands and preferences.

We also began to spend more and more time with our family, so there was a need to allocate their own space for each family member: someone – a place for distance work, for children and students – a place for online learning, and do not forget about a safe place to relax or meet friends. Therefore, now one of the main priorities when choosing housing is comfort for the whole family. Also, the main characteristics when choosing housing should include the level of income (wealth) of the population.

The aim of the article is to identify the relationship between age and population type. The analysis of the material condition of the population is carried out. The influence of human needs on the choice of housing type is estimated. Evidence of the possible relationship between age and demographics has been selected, as well as some explanations for the rationality of these preferences.

The article uses research methods: analysis, synthesis, comparison, induction, deduction - to generalize and clarify the understanding of the demographic impact on housing choices by the population.


Hablemitoğlu, Ş.; Özkan, Y. & Purutçuoğlu, E. (2010). The Assessment of the Housing in the Theory of Maslow’s. European Journal of Social Sciences, 16 (2), 222.

Maslow, A (1954). Motivation and personality. New York, NY: Harper. p. 236.

Birdwell-Pheasant, D., & Lawrence-Züniga, D. (Eds.). (2020). House life: space, place and family in Europe. Routledge.

Subhan, D., & Ahmad, D. (2012). The Economic and Demographic Effects on HousingTenure Choice in Pakistan. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 2 (7),15-24.

Huang, Y. (2000). Housing Choices and Changing Patterns in Transitional Urban China. Los Angeles: UCLA International Institute.

Reynolds, S.G. (1997, December). Independent Living Retirement Facilities: The Effects Of Push And Pull Factors On Residential Satisfaction. Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America.

Демографічне старіння в Україні на фоні загальносвітової тенденції прискореного старіння населення. URL:

Населення Землі швидко старіє, не вистачає працівників. Чи готова до цього світова економіка і що чекає на Україну? URL:

Як зростатиме і старішатиме населення світу – огляд МВФ. URL:

Coolen, H. (2009). House, Home and Dwelling. ENHR conference ‘Changing Housing Markets: Integration and Segmentation’, Prague, Czech Republic, June 28 - July 1 2009.

Julia O. Beamish, Rosemary Carucci Goss & JoAnn Emmel (2001) Lifestyle Influences on Housing Preferences, Housing and Society, 28:1-2, 1-28, DOI: 10.1080/08882746.2001.11430459

Wright, E. O. (1979). Class structure and income determination. Academic Press, London.

Coolen, H., & Ozaki, R. (2004). Culture, Lifestyle and the Meaning of a Dwelling. International Conference: Affordable housing for all: Research, Policy, Development. Center for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto. Ontario: Toronto June 24-27 2004

Dassah, E. (2011). An Examination Of The Relationship Between Spatial Morphology And Residential Satisfaction In Residential Settings In Garki, Abuja. Kumasi: KNUST.

Lee, H.-J., & Parrott, K. (2004). Cultural Background and Housing Satisfaction. Housing and Society, 31 (2), 145-158.

Steffanson, R. N. (2012). Dwelling Ideals and Reality: How demographic changes shape future dwelling preferences and how municipalities combine this with environmental challenges.

Wheelwright, R. V. (2006). The Personal Futures Workbook. Personal Futures Network, Texas.

Agyepong, S.A. and Wuni, A.W. (2014) Investigating the relationship between the age-stage demographic and preferences in dwelling type In: Laryea, S. and Ibem, E. (Eds) Proceedings 8th Construction Industry Development Board (cidb) Postgraduate Conference, 10-11 February 2014, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 393-403.

Будинки, котеджі, таунхауси: чому попит на заміську нерухомість не падає і ціни зростають. URL:



How to Cite

Tytok, V. ., & Emelianova, O. . (2022). Influence of demographic factor on housing projects. Ways to Improve Construction Efficiency, 1(49), 79–91.